About Iran

Iran is located on the south west of Asia and in the Middle East with 1, 648, 195 square kilometers and based on the 1390 census has a population about 76.091 million. Tehran is the capital, the largest city and political, cultural, commercial and industrial center of the nation.

Eastern Iran is dominated by a high plateau, with large salt flats and vast sand deserts. The plateau is surrounded by even higher mountains, including the Zagros to the west and the Elburz to the north. It is bordered to the northwest by Armenia, the de facto Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, and Azerbaijan; to the northeast by Turkmenistan; to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan; to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman; to the north by the Caspian Sea; and to the west by Turkey and Iraq.

A multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, most inhabitants are Shia Muslims and Persian is the official language.

Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. Iran is a major regional and middle power and holds an important position in international energy security and world economy as a result of its large reserves of petroleum and natural gas.

Climate

In comparison to other countries Iran has one of the most unique climates. Sometimes the temperature difference in winter between the coldest and hottest places is more than 50 ° C. the hottest spot of the earth in 2004 and 2005 was somewhere in Lut Desert. Iran's climate ranges from arid or semiarid

Language

In Iran we have about 75 language and dialect. The largest groups of Persian languages are Farsi, Turkish, Azerbaijani, Kurdish, Turkmen-Gilaki, Mazandaran, khalaji, effort, Lori, Bakhtiari, Arabic, Balochi, Heads, crowbars, Tati, Armenian, Assyrian, Mandaean, Georgian, Hebrew, Chaldean, etc.

The majority of the population speak Persian, which is also the official language of the country.

Industries

Iran's main industries include oil, gas, petrochemical, steel, textile, chemical, food, automotive, dams, electrical, electronic and etc.

Iran’s important traditional and handicraft industrial includes: rug and carpet, woodcarving, inlaid and pottery

Iran, the world's third largest oil reserves, eleven percent of land equivalent to 130 billion barrels of proven oil reserves and the second largest gas reserves in the world, eighteen percent of proven gas reserves of land, equivalent to 26 trillion cubic meters are at its disposal. Iran is OPEC's second largest exporter as well as the potential to become a superpower energy.Most important oil regions of the country  are Masjed Soleiman, Haftgel, Gachsaran, Aghajari and Islamabad West.

Most of Iran’s mines are in Khorasan. Iran’s most important mines include: mining metallic minerals: iron, manganese, chromite, copper, lead, zinc, nickel, cobalt, gold, silver, uranium, chemical minerals: sulfur, salt, decorative stones such as turquoise, the sand; and coal.